funerair tuintje in Luxor

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funerair tuintje in Luxor

Berichtdoor Philip Arrhidaeus » Vr Mei 05, 2017 4:50 pm

Unique funerary garden unearthed in Thebes
During excavation work in the area around the early 18th Dynasty rock-cut tombs of Djehuty and Hery (ca 1500­‐1450 BCE) in Draa Abul Nagaa necropolis, a Spanish archaeological mission unearthed a unique funerary garden.
Mahmoud Afifi, head of the Ancient Egyptian Antiquities sector at the Ministry of Antiquities told Ahram Online that the garden was found in the open courtyard of a Middle Kingdom rock-cut tomb and the layout of the garden measures 3m x 2m and is divided into squares of about 30cm.
These squares, he pointed out, seem to have contained different kinds of plants and flowers. In the middle of the garden the mission has located two elevated spots that was once used for the cultivation of a small tree or bush.
At one of the corners, Afifi continued, the roots and the trunk of a 4,000 year-old small tree have been preserved to a height of 30cm. Next to it, a bowl containing dried dates and other fruits, which could have been presented as offerings, were found.
“The discovery of the garden may shed light on the environment and gardening in ancient Thebes during the Middle Kingdom, around 2000 BCE,” said Jose Galan, head of the Spanish mission and research professor at the Spanish National Research Council in Madrid.
He explained that similar funerary gardens were only found on the walls of a number of New Kingdom tombs where a small and squared garden is represented at the entrance of the funerary monument, with a couple of trees next to it. It probably had a symbolic meaning and must have played a role in the funerary rites. However, Galan asserted, these gardens have never been found in ancient Thebes and the recent discovery offers archaeological confirmation of an aspect of ancient Egyptian culture and religion that was hitherto only known through iconography.
Moreover, he pointed out, near the entrance of the Middle Kingdom rock-cut tomb, a small mud-brick chapel measuring 46cm x 70cm x 55cm was discovered attached to the façade. Inside it three stelae of the 13th Dynasty, around ca 1800 BCE, were found in situ.
He explained that early studies reveal that the owner of one of them was called Renef‐Seneb, and the owner of the second was “the citizen Khemenit, son of the lady of the house, Idenu.” The latter mentions the gods Montu, Ptah, Sokar and Osiris.

Un jardin funéraire vieux de 4.000 ans découvert à Louxor ... ert-louxor
Les archéologues connaissaient l’existence de tels jardins grâce à leur représentation sur les sculptures et les peintures murales des tombes mais c’est la première fois qu’un tel jardin est découvert à Louxor, précise le communiqué. Le jardin « devait probablement avoir une signification symbolique, et jouer un rôle lors des rites funéraires », a indiqué José Galán, chef de la mission archéologique espagnole auteur de cette découverte dans le secteur de Draa Abul Naga.
Dans le jardin funéraire de trois mètres sur deux, divisés en petits carrés, les archéologues ont également découvert « un bol contenant des dates et d’autres fruits » desséchés, « qui servaient probablement d’offrandes ». À l’entrée de la tombe, les archéologues ont également retrouvé trois stèles funéraires décorées de scènes pharaoniques. Ces vestiges dateraient de la 13ème dynastie.
Philip Arrhidaeus
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